This preference refers to the desire for independence vs. teamwork in the workplace. If needs are not met in this preference it can be incredibly debilitating. Those high in independence require autonomy, the need for work and results they can achieve alone and not depend on others. If they are forced into team dynamics with open workplaces, this can be enough motivation to leave a company. Often independence preference is strong in introverts, people who prefer their own company and to work individually. For those low on independence they need team members to feel motivated and to accomplish their tasks. They thrive in open cultures and offices where they can be interacting regularly throughout the day.
Understanding your propensity for independence enables you to strive for work that fulfills this intrinsic desire. Or if you are currently in a role, you can share this knowledge with your manager, to help them understand the type of work that would suit your personality, enabling your manager to design your role to suit your professional preference.